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Table 4 The results of physico-chemical quality of veterinary medicines samples (n = 953)

From: Study on identification, assay and organoleptic quality of veterinary medicines in Ethiopia

Category Samples testeda Pass Fail
Sample source      
Pre-registration 411 396 96.4% 15 3.6%
Re-registration 98 90 91.8% 8 8.2%
Consignment check 84 80 95.2% 4 4.8%
Post-market survey 360 321 89.2% 39 10.8%
Supply chain levels      
Importer 647 618 95.5% 29 4.5%
Wholesaler 30 24 80.0% 6 20.0%
Retailer 276 245 88.8% 31 11.2%
Therapeutic category      
Acaricides 19 15 78.9% 4 21.1%
Anthelmintics 488 450 92.2% 38 7.8%
Antibacterials 314 299 95.2% 15 4.8%
Antiprotozoals 106 98 92.5% 8 7.5%
Miscellaneousb 26 25 96.2% 1 3.8%
Stated production origins      
African countries 47 44 93.6% 3 6.4%
Asia countries 692 639 92.3% 53 7.7%
European countries 176 169 96.0% 7 4.0%
Latin America countries 11 10 9.9% 1 9.1%
Middle East countries 27 25 92.6% 2 7.4%
  1. aIndicates number of samples of veterinary medicines categorized under the same or different therapeutic group
  2. bIncludes vitamins, synchromate hormones, disinfectants, anaesthesia