Volume 8 Supplement 1

Abstracts from the 3rd International PPRI Conference 2015: Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Policies: Challenges Beyond the Financial Crisis

Open Access

Access of high technology medicines in Russia

  • Liudmila Bezmelnitsyna1Email author,
  • Dmitry Meshkov1 and
  • Ramil Khabriev1
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice20158(Suppl 1):P19

https://doi.org/10.1186/2052-3211-8-S1-P19

Published: 5 October 2015

Background

The access of high-technology medicines in Russia is restricted for such reasons as pricing and reimbursement policy, medical indications and many others. Most difficulties are presented in children because of a lack of clinical data about effectiveness and safety.

The objective of the study was to evaluate acceptability, affordability and availability of high technology medicines and provide the practical recommendations for optimization of their access in Russia (e.g.,the biologics in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)).

Methods

A retrospective non-interventional study of JIA patients (405 patients in 12 federal specialized units, 6-month treatment affect by biologics and disease-modifying therapy; 2011 - 2012) for assessment of clinical and economical effectiveness of biologics and disease-modifying therapy[1]. Policy evaluation according to data from an expert's survey (63 heads and clinical specialists) from those specialized units (2013). Publically available information includes analyses of statistics, clinical recommendations and legislation (2011-2013).

Results

Availability: six biologics (Infliximab, Adalimumab, Abatacept, Rituximab, Etanercept, Tocilizumab) were available for patients with JIA in Russia. Two of them (Infliximab and Rituximab) were used off-label. Affordability: direct medical costs for therapy including biologics were nine times higher than for disease-modifying drugs[2]. Price negotiation and risk-sharing were not used for reducing price. In 2010 only rituximab was included in the List of Vital and Essential Drugs, which means it could be added to the Federal and Regional programs of reimbursement. Others were administered only in very severe cases in Federal Research Institutions. Several national health economic research studies for biologics were held in Russia in 2010-2013. Their results helped to include the remaining biologics in the List and increase their affordability.

Acceptability: expert survey has shown that there is a very long patient journey for administration of biologics for advanced forms of JIA in patients with proved disability. There is a restriction of access to biologics on a regional level.

Conclusions

There is an improvement of affordability of high-technology medicines in Russia thanks to development of the methods of health technology assessment.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
National Research Institution for Public Health

References

  1. Vorobyev P, Alexeeva E, Bezmelnitsyna L, Borisenko O, Kirdakov F: Epidemiology, therapy patterns and functional status of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in Russia. Value in Health. 2011, 14 (7): 316-View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Vorobyev P, Alexeeva E, Bezmelnitsyna L, Borisenko O, Kirdakov F: The burden of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in Russia. Value in Health. 2011, 14 (7): 304-View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Bezmelnitsyna et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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