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Table 1 Distribution of respondents demographic characteristics based on the practice of self-medication (n = 866)

From: Prevalence, knowledge and perception of self-medication practice among undergraduate healthcare students

Variable Engagement in self-medication, YES n (%) n = 473 (54.6) No self-medication n (%) n = 393 (45.4) Chi-square p-value
Gender
 Male 212 (50.6) 207 (49.4) 5.298 0.021*
 Female 261 (58.4) 186 (41.6)
Age (year)
 ≤ 20 214 (52.8) 191 (47.2) 4.193 0.123
 > 20 259 (56.2) 201 (43.8)
Department
 Nursing 78 (50.3) 77 (49.7) 8.14 0.017*
 Pharmacy 136 (49.5) 139 (50.5)
 Medicine and surgery 259 (59.4) 177 (40.6)
Year of study
 Year 1 62 (49.6) 63 (50.4) 33.631 0.000*
 Year 2 66 (51.2) 63 (48.8)
 Year 3 105 (56.1) 82 (43.9)
 Year 4 80 (42.8) 107 (57.2)
 Year 5 116 (63.0) 68 (37.0)
 Year 6 44 (81.5) 10 (18.5)
  1. *Statistically significant (p < 0.05)