Skip to main content

Table 5 Median consumer prices of insulin: online pharmacies Vs. retail pharmacies – adjusted to 100 IU 10 ml pack

From: Challenges constraining availability and affordability of insulin in Bengaluru region (Karnataka, India): evidence from a mixed-methods study

  Online pharmacy prices (INR) Retail pharmacy prices (INR) p-value (retail vs overall online pharmacy)
1 mg Apollo MedPlus NetMeds Overall (i.e. all online pharmacies combined)
Human insulin
 Vial 301.0 322.2 289.9 322.2 321.8 (n = 93) 323.5 (n = 187) < 0.0001a
 Cartridge 794.8 585.5 715.5 590.2 654.8 (n = 40) 796.6 (n = 9) 0.2630
 Pen 1092.7 1213.3 1092.0 1213.3 1213.3 (n = 9) 1170.0 (n = 16) 0.0545
Insulin analogues
 Vial 1474.7 1421.8 1253.5 1633.3 1575.3 (n = 13) 1168.8 (n = 6) 0.0653
 Cartridge 1920.0 1703.6 1578.1 1662.3 1672.2 (n = 33) 1794.0 (n = 12) 0.7273
 Pen 2190.3 2240.0 2016.0 2141.1 2190.2 (n = 33) 2160.0 (n = 49) 0.0181a
  1. aThe difference in median prices in retail pharmacy facilities and online pharmacies are statistically significant at α-significance level of 0.05 (Wilcoxon rank sum test) 'n' refers to the number of price data points used to calculate median consumer prices