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Table 2 Category and thematic frequency and centrality in peer-reviewed literature on medicine pricing

From: Factors influencing pharmaceutical pricing - a scoping review of academic literature in health science

Thematic cluster Category Category frequency (N) Category centrality (score) Thematic frequencya (score) Thematic centralityb (score)
Supply related market dynamics Supply chain price components 16 1.56 68 1.38
Profit 24 1.08
Research & development 19 1.42
Advertisement/Marketing 9 1.44
Demand related market dynamics Demand 24 1.33 90 1.26
Consumer 33 1.21
Population income 21 1.43
Price transparency 12 1.08
Product related market dynamics Innovation 24 1.27 190 1.34
Competition 58 1.43
Patent 43 1.26
Generics 65 1.42
Trading strategies Parallel trade 12 1.67 90 1.53
Firm pricing/launch strategies 36 1.67
Tendering/ procurement 13 1.31
Rebates/ discount 18 1.11
Differential pricing/international price discrimination/tiered pricing 11 1.91
Regulatory approaches Value base pricing/ 17 1.65 155 1.52
Profit control/price control 32 1.41
(Cost)-effectiveness studies/health technology assessment 20 1.25
Internal reference pricing 38 1.55
External/international reference pricing 15 1.67
Reimbursement policies 33 1.61
  Averages 25.78 1.42 118.60 1.41
  1. aAggregate frequency of theme-related categories
  2. b Weighted average of category centrality for the theme