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Table 2 Knowledge of the retail pharmacy staff about tuberculosis (TB) and correlation with the professional background and duration of working experience in the DI Khan city, Pakistan. Statistical significance is determined by using Fisher’s Exact test

From: A survey of knowledge, attitude, and practices of private retail pharmacies staff in tuberculosis care: study from Dera Ismail Khan City, Pakistan

Professional background & Experience in years Knowa
n (%a)
Do not knowa
n (%)
P-value
  Exposure: Breathing air containing TB causing microorganisms
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 0.071
Pharmacy assistants 25 (93) 2 (7)  
Sales person 37 (73) 14 (27)  
≤ 5 years 19 (56) 15 (44) 0.000
6–15 years 29 (97) 1 (3)  
>  15 years 18 (100) 0 (0)  
  Transmission: Poor ventilation; overcrowding; presence of untreated TB patients in the house/community
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 0.451
Pharmacy assistants 22 (82) 5 (19)  
Sales person 36 (71) 15 (29)  
≤ 5 years 20 (59) 14 (41) 0.008
6–15 years 25 (83) 5 (17)  
>  15 years 17 (94) 1 (6)  
  Symptoms: Persistent cough; fever; sweat
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 0.000
Pharmacy assistants 15 (57) 12 (44)  
Sales person 9 (18) 42 (82)  
≤ 5 years 5 (15) 29 (85) 0.001
6–15 years 11 (37) 19 (63)  
>  15 years 12 (67) 6 (33)  
  Prevention: Covering mouth and nose when patient cough or sneeze; by curing TB patients
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 0.213
Pharmacy assistants 21 (78) 6 (22)  
Sales person 32 (63) 19 (37)  
≤ 5 years 16 (47) 18 (53) 0.000
6–15 years 23 (77) 7 (23)  
>  15 years 18 (100) 0 (0)  
  Diagnosis: Sputum smear microscopy
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 0.103
Pharmacy assistants 25 (93) 2 (7)  
Sales person 38 (75) 13 (26)  
≤ 5 years 24 (76) 10 (29) 0.032
6–15 years 25 (83) 5 (17)  
>  15 years 18 (100) 0 (0)  
  Consequences of improper treatment: Drug resistance, Disease deteriorates, Disease spread to others, Relapseb
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 0.002
Pharmacy assistants 12 (44) 15 (56)  
Sales person 11 (22) 40 (78)  
≤ 5 years 5 (15) 29 (85) 0.001
6–15 years 10 (33) 20 (67)  
>  15 years 12 (68) 6 (33)  
  MDR-TB: Improper treatment, failure to complete treatment, Presence of patients with MDR-TB in household/communityc
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 0.003
Pharmacy assistants 9 (33) 18 (67)  
Sales person 10 (20) 41 (80)  
≤ 5 years 7 (21) 27 (79) 0.360
6–15 years 9 (30) 21 (70)  
>  15 years 7 (39) 11 (61)  
  Duration of TB treatment: 6–9 months
Pharmacists 4 (100) 0 (0) 1.00
Pharmacy assistants 26 (96) 1 (4)  
Sales person 48 (94) 3 (6)  
≤ 5 years 31 (91) 3 (9) 0.535
6–15 years 29 (97) 1 (3)  
>  15 years 18 (100) 0 (0)  
  1. Decimal value ≥0.5 is rounded up to 1.0. a The respondents were grouped as knowing and not knowing if they could answer the questions mentioned by key words in table. b 3/4, c 2/3 answers were grouped as knowing. MDR-TB: Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis