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Table 2 Indication for Opioids, Pain Scores and Co-Morbid Medical and Psychiatric Diagnoses (N = 1066)

From: Controlled Substance Agreements for Opioids in a Primary Care Practice

Condition (n (%))
 Musculoskeletal pain 721 (67.6)
 Chronic pain syndrome 156 (14.6)
 Neuropathy 91 (8.5)
 Headache/Migraine 45 (4.2)
 Abdominal pain 11 (1.0)
 Cutaneous/subcutaneous 10 (0.9)
 Colorectal disease 8 (0.8)
 Autoimmune disease 7 (0.7)
 Nephrolithiasis 3 (0.3)
 Sleep disorder 3 (0.3)
 Autonomic dysfunction 2 (0.2)
 Multiple sclerosis 2 (0.2)
 Sarcoidosis 2 (0.2)
 Syringomyelia 2 (0.2)
 Angina 1 (0.1)
 Dyspnea 1 (0.1)
 Lymphedema 1 (0.1)
Age-Weighted Charlson Index (Mean (SD)) 3.9 (3.1)
Pain (Mean (SD), N = 860)
 Current 4.2 (2.5)
 Average 5.4 (2.1)
 Worst 7.6 (2.1)
Moderate to Severe Anxiety Diagnosis (GAD-7 ≥ 10), N (%), N = 578 83 (7.8)
Moderate to Moderately Severe Depression Diagnosis (PHQ-9 ≥ 10), N (%), N = 785 121 (11.4)
  1. SD Standard Deviation