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Table 1 Overview of antibiotic prescribing among patients with vaginal delivery and cesarean section (N = 1077)

From: Antibiotic prescribing in women during and after delivery in a non-teaching, tertiary care hospital in Ujjain, India: a prospective cross-sectional study

   Diagnosis
Characteristics   Vaginal Delivery 566(%) Cesarean Section 511(%)
Total antibiotic prescriptions*a   491 (87) 503 (98)
Prescribed antibiotics after discharge b   160 (28) 141 (28)
Age b    
  18-20 99 (17) 66 (13)
  21-30 429 (76) 401 (78)
  > = 31 38 (7) 44 (9)
Place of Residence b    
  Ujjain city 269 (48) 270 (53)
  Nearby city 90 (16) 67 (13)
  Villages of Ujjain district 81 (14) 60 (12)
  Other districts 50 (9) 53 (10)
  Cities of the nearby district 32 (6) 25 (5)
  Villages of other districts 44 (8) 36 (7)
Days of hospital stay +a    
  1-2 323 (57) 29 (6)
  3-5 192 (34) 175 (34)
  >5 51 (9) 307 (60)
Days on antibiotics** a   3.1 ± 1.74 6.0 ± 2.52
  1. * number and percentages; Chi-Square test. **mean and standard deviations; Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-populations rank test. aP-value < 0.05. bP-value > 0.05.+Fisher’s exact test.