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Table 3 Predictors of self-medication against COVID-19 prevention among the respondents

From: Prevalence, pattern and predictors of self-medication for COVID-19 among residents in Umuahia, Abia State, Southeast Nigeria: policy and public health implications

Variable aOR 95%CI P value*
Age(years)  
 < 40 1   
 ≥ 40 1.87 1.11–3.13 0.018
Educational status  
None/primary 3.78 1.28–11.19 0.016
Secondary 2.15 1.17–3.97 0.014
Tertiary 1.50 0.87–2.59 0.146
Postgraduate 1   
Marital status  
Single 1   
Married/cohabiting 1.31 0.74–2.33 0.352
Widow/separated 1.30 0.49–3.45 0.595
SM is cheaper  
Yes 2.29 1.24–4.24 0.008
No 1   
  1. P value < 0.05 are considered significant, SM self-medication, *binary logistic regression