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Table 3 Nursing mothers’ response on access to services provided by PPMVs for childhood illness treatment

From: An assessment of nursing mothers’ and young people’s access to proprietary and patent medicine vendors’ services in rural communities of south-eastern Nigeria: implication for review of national drug policy

Parameter assessed Frequency Percent
Sources of advice/information on the treatment of coughs and colds and on the use of antibiotics
 (a) Chemist/patent medicine vendor 52 31.3
 (b) Health worker 61 36.7
 (c) Neighbour 3 1.8
 (d) Family members/relatives 44 26.5
 Others 6 3.6
 Total 166  
What kind of advice do the PPMVs give on treatment of coughs and cold for your child?
 Administer drugs including antibiotics 38 37.3
 Cover the child with cloth 29 28.4
 Use warm water 19 18.6
 Go/refer to hospital 9 8.8
 Come back if the sickness persists 7 6.9
 Total 102  
Sources where antibiotics used to treat childhood cough/acute respiratory infections are obtained
 (a) PPMVs store 89 57.1
 (b) Primary Health Centre 38 24.4
 (c) General hospital 19 12.2
 (d) Drug hawkers 1 0.6
 (e) Others 9 5.8
 Total 156  
The last time child had childhood acute respiratory infections, how many hours after noticing did you commence the treatment
 (a) Within 1 h 56 36.6
 (b) Within 2 to 6 h 25 47.2
 (c) Within 6 to 12 h 14 3.1
 (d) Within 12 h to 1 day 29 19
 (e) Within 1 day to 2 days 29 19
 Total 153  
How many times in a day did you administer the drug?
 (a) Once 3 2
 (b) Twice 61 40.4
 (c) 3 times 83 55
 (d) 4 times 1 0.7
 (e) 5 times 3 2
 Total 151  
For how many days did you give the drug?
 (a) 1 day 1 0.6
 (b) 2 days 10 6.6
 (c) 3 days 63 42
 (d) 4 days 18 12
 (e) 5 days 58 38.6
 Total 150  
What was the outcome of the treatment you gave your child?
 (a) Got well 138 90.8
 (b) Got a little better 14 9.2
 Total 152  
Did you have to take your child to a health facility, dispensary or chemist after treatment at home with the drugs?
 Yes 51 34.5
 No 97 65.5
 Total 149  
If Yes, why?
 (a) Sickness persisted 15 29.4
 (b) To be sure child is cured 35 68.6
 (c) Sickness getting worse 1 2.0
 Total 51  
What other treatments do you use (including non-drug therapies) to treat childhood cough/acute respiratory infections?
 Herbs/herbal mixture 58 46.4
 Warm water 51 40.8
 Balm 16 12.8
 Total 125