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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants on follow-up at Mettu Karl Referral Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia, 2019

From: Identification and resolution of drug-related problems among diabetic patients attending a referral hospital: a prospective observational study

Variables Categories Type 1 DM Type 2 DM Total
n (%)
n (%) n (%)
Sex Male 87 (43.9) 111 (56.1) 198 (60.0)
Female 41 (31.1) 91 (68.9) 132 (40.0)
Age (years) 18–40 70 (72.9) 26 (27.1) 96 (29.1)
41–60 45 (28.8) 111 (71.2) 156 (47.3)
> 60 13 (16.7) 65 (83.3) 78 (23.6)
Educational status No formal education 31 (43.7) 40 (56.3) 71 (21.5)
Primary education 47 (41.2) 67 (58.8) 114 (34.5)
Secondary education 32 (49.2) 33 (50.8) 65 (19.7)
Tertiary education 18 (22.5) 62 (77.5) 80 (24.2)
Occupation Farmers 55 (48.7) 58 (51.3) 113 (34.2)
Merchants 43 (44.3) 54 (55.7) 97 (29.4)
Employees 12 (26.7) 33 (73.3) 45 (13.6)
House wives 6 (14.6) 35 (85.4) 41 (12.4)
Retired 5 (20.0) 20 (80.0) 25 (7.6)
Othersa 7 (77.8) 2 (22.2) 9 (2.7)
Residence Urban 55 (31.1) 122 (68.9) 177 (53.6)
Rural 73 (47.7) 80 (52.3) 153 (46.4)
Family history of DM Yes 20 (21.1) 75 (78.9) 95 (28.8)
No 108 (46.0) 127 (54.0) 235 (71.2)
Duration of DM (years) < 7 59 (17.9) 114 (34.5) 173 (52.4)
\(\ge\) 7 69 (20.9) 88 (26.7) 157 (47.6)
Presence of comorbidities Yes 48 (33.6) 95 (66.4) 143 (43.3)
No 80 (42.8) 107 (57.2) 187 (56.7)
Type of comorbidities Hypertension 43 (33.3) 86 (66.7) 129 (39.1)
Heart failure 4 (20.0) 16 (80.0) 20 (6.1)
Asthma 4 (50.0) 4 (50.0) 8 (2.4)
Ischemic heart disease 0 (0.0) 7 (100.0) 7 (2.1)
Others b 2(25.0) 6 (75.0) 8 (2.4)
Presence of complications Yes 35 (27.6) 92 (72.4) 127 (38.5)
No 93 (45.8) 110 (54.2) 203 (61.5)
Type of complications Neuropathy 14 (17.7) 65 (82.3) 79 (23.9)
Retinopathy 16 (39.0) 25 (61.0) 41 (12.4)
Nephropathy 6 (18.8) 26 (81.2) 32 (9.7)
Others c 1 (16.7) 5 (83.3) 6 (1.8)
Glycemic control Achieved (80–130 mg/dl) 24 (7.3) 66 (20.0) 90 (27.3)
Unachieved (> 130 mg/dl) 104 (31.5) 136 (41.2) 240 (72.7)
  1. DM diabetes mellitus
  2. aDaily laborers, drivers and students
  3. bStroke, toxic goiter and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  4. cImpotency and foot ulcer