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Table 5 Summary of medications used for self-medication and conditions treated by self-medication practice (n = 473)

From: Prevalence, knowledge and perception of self-medication practice among undergraduate healthcare students

Variable Frequency Percentage (%)
aClass of medication used for self-medication (n = 1172)
 Analgesic 353 30.1
 Antimalarial 352 30.0
 Antibiotics 182 15.5
 Multivitamins 142 12.1
 Antihistamine 115 9.8
 Slimming pills 19 1.6
 Others 9 0.9
aConditions treated by self-medication practice (n = 1977)
 Headache 363 18.4
 Malaria 334 16.9
 Cough 184 9.3
 Menstrual pain 170 8.6
 Cold and flu 158 8.0
 Fever 143 7.2
 Sore throat 141 7.1
 Diarrhea 113 5.7
 Stomachache 105 5.3
 Constipation 73 3.7
 Skin infections 71 3.6
 Vomiting 34 1.7
 Infections (toothache, STDs and UTI) 29 1.5
 Eye problem 28 1.4
 Ear problem 21 1.1
 Ulcer 4 0.2
 Rhinitis 2 0.1
 Toothache 2 0.1
 Sinusitis 1 0.05
 Nausea 1 0.05
  1. aMultiple response