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Table 2 Knowledge of Lebanese community pharmacists related to COVID-19

From: A cross-sectional survey on community pharmacists readiness to fight COVID-19 in a developing country: knowledge, attitude, and practice in Lebanon

Questions N = 310 (%)
Which of the following is true about COVID-19? 87a
 Person-to-person transmission can occur by droplets 302 (97.4%)
 Transmission can be airborne 85 (27.4%)
 Most common symptoms include fever, diarrhea, and dyspnea 175 (56.5%)
 I do not know 2 (0.6%)
Effective methods to protect yourself from potentially infected patients?a
 Wearing a surgical mask during the shift 263 (84.8%)
 Washing hands frequently with soap and water 306 (98.7%)
 Rubbing hands with alcohol-based gel 285 (91.9%)
 Wearing gloves and changing them frequently 237 (76.5%)
 Maintain a physical separation of at least 1.5 m 300 (96.8%)
 Limit the time interacting with an individual who has respiratory symptoms 260 (83.9%)
 I do not know 1 (0.3%)
For how long should a person be isolated in case of COVID-19 infection suspicion (mild symptoms or contact with an infected person)?a
 7 days 1 (0.3%)
 10 days 0
 14 days 287 (92.6%)
 20 days 16 (5.2%)
  > 20 days 4 (1.3%)
 I do not know 2 (0.6%)
Can someone who was quarantined for COVID-19 spread the illness to others?
 No, if the quarantine period is less than 14 days 15 (4.8%)
 No, if the quarantine period is 14 days or more 275 (88.7%)
 I do not know 20 (6.5%)
What are the steps to take to protect yourself?a
 Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 10 s 19 (6.1%)
 Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 s 304 (98.1%)
 Avoid close contact; put a distance from other people (1.5–2 m) 299 (96.5%)
 Wear a facemask and stay home if you have any respiratory symptom  
 No need to clean and disinfect solid objects (tables, doorknobs, desks, phones) 275 (88.7%)
Can a person test negative and later test positive for COVID-19? 9 (2.9%)
 No 8 (2.6%)
 Yes 290 (93.5%)
 I do not know 12 (3.9%)
If a suspected person tests negative but has no symptoms:
 It is definitely a true negative 39 (12.6%)
 It can be a false negative in the pre-symptomatic phase 248 (80%)
 I do not know how to interpret this test result, I refer to a specialist 39 (12.6%)
Is the person at risk if he/she goes to the funeral of someone who died of COVID-19?
 Yes, since he will meet the dead person close contacts 208 (67.1%)
 No known risk currently 69 (22.3%)
 I do not know 33 (10.6%)
When can confirmed COVID-19 cases be released from quarantine?a
 Following one negative PCR test after the resolution of symptoms 29 (9.4%)
 Following two negative PCR tests 24 h apart after the resolution of symptoms 192 (61.9%)
 Following four negative PCRs on 3 consecutive days after symptoms resolution 47 (15.2%)
 I do not know 42 (13.5%)
Should I avoid contact with pets or other animals?
 No 129 (41.6%)
 Yes 145 (48.8%)
 I do not know 36 (11.6%)
Which of the below products are you recommending to patients to disinfect?
 Alcohol 60% 44 (14.2%)
 Alcohol 70% 297 (95.8%)
 Alcohol 95% 52 (16.8%)
What are the most common symptoms related to COVID-19?
 Fever, productive cough, rhinorrhea 6 (1.9%)
 Fever, dry cough, dyspnea 294 (94.8%)
 Fever, diarrhea, pharyngitis 9 (2.9%)
 None of the above 0
 I do not know 1 (0.3%)
Indicate which of these options can be used to treat COVID-19 to date?a
 Acetaminophen 272 (87.7%)
 Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) 13 (4.2%)
Corticosteroids 18 (5.8%)
 Symptomatic respiratory relief (inhalers) 140 (45.2%)
 Lopinavir/ritonavir (initially for HIV) 104 (33.5%)
 Chloroquine/remdesivir in combination 134 (43.2%)
 Tocilizumab (initially for rheumatoid arthritis) 52 (16.8%)
Intravenous high-dose vitamin C is recommended for COVID-19 treatment?
 True 47 (15.2%)
 False 155 (50.0%)
 I don’t know 108 (34.8%)
What is the MOPH hotline number?
 112 14 (4.5%)
 125 11 (3.5%)
 1214 277 (89.4%)
 1515 8 (2.6%)
  1. Correct answers in bold. aMore than one answer can be correct. Numbers are presented as frequency (percentage)