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Table 1 Chronology of key health policy and legal framework events related to hospital pharmacy in Mexico

From: The implementation of pharmaceutical services in public hospitals in Mexico: an analysis of the legal framework and organizational practice

Year Legal framework events
1983 Political Constitution of the United Mexican Statesa
1984 The General Health Law and its modificationsb (Health Protection is established in Article 4 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, from which the General Health Law derives, as well as the regulations and the Mexican official norms. All of them determine the legal compulsory framework to which are subordinated all the services, institutions and products that have a relationship with the population´s health.)
1988 Pharmacopeia of the United Mexican States 5th edition, updated and published every 5 or 6 years; in 2018 the 12th edition was publishedb (Determines the quality standards for the production and storage of health goods)
1992 First publication of the Federal Law of Metrology and Normalizationb
1995 Opening of the Centro Nacional de Farmacovigilancia y Tecnovigilancia. (This Center complies with the requirements of WHO International Collaborative Center reporting Adverse Drug Reactions in the Mexican population.)c
1997 First FEUM Supplement for pharmacies, drugstores, apothecaries and warehouses for the storage and distribution of medicinesd
1998 Publication of the regulation of health products (RIS)d
2002 First publication of the Official Mexican Norm NOM-220-SSA1-2002 Installation and operation of pharmacovigilancee
2004 COFEPRIS established as the regulatory body for pharmaciesd (It is a federal agency of the government of Mexico, which according to the General Health Law carries out regulation, control and health promotion of, among other things, health establishments and medicines)f
2005 Publication of the FEUM Supplement for establishments dedicated to the sale and supply of medicines and other health goods, third editiond
2007 Health Sector Plan 2007–2012d
2010 National Model of Hospital Pharmacyd
Publication of the FEUM Supplement for establishments dedicated to the sale and supply of medicines and other health supplies, fourth editiond
2012 Updating of Official Mexican Norm NOM-220-SSA1-2012 Installation and operation of pharmacovigilancee
The General Health Council published the standards for the Certification of Hospitals, following the International Joint Commission for Accreditation of Hospitals recommendations, adapting them to the needs and the characteristics of Mexican hospitals
2014 Publication of the FEUM Supplement for establishments dedicated to the sale and supply of medicines and other health goods, fifth editiond
2015 Publication of the Standards for the certification of hospitals by the General Health Councild
2016 Updating of Official Mexican Norm NOM-220-SSA1-2016 Installation and operation of pharmacovigilancee
2018 SiNaCEAM patient safety model. Standards to implement the model in hospitalsd
Publication of the FEUM Supplement for establishments dedicated to the sale and supply of medicines and other health goods, sixth editiond
  1. COFEPRIS: Federal Commission for the Protection against Health Risks for its Spanish acronym. FEUM: Pharmacopeia of the Mexican United States for its Spanish acronym. RIS: Regulation of health products for its Spanish acronym. SiNaCEAM: National Certification System for Healthcare Establishments
  2. aPrimary law, bSecondary law, cRegulatory Institution, dManuals or procedures derived from secondary laws, eOfficial Norm
  3. fCOFEPRIS was an autonomous entity of the Ministry of Health with technical, administrative and operation autonomy. Its main functions: assess health risks and exercise health control and surveillance for the use and consumption of goods and services, health supplies, health emergencies and the provision of health services