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Table 1 Summary of Tanzania’s prepayment schemes

From: National Health Insurance Fund’s relationship to retail drug outlets: a Tanzania case study

Scheme Improved Community Health Fund (iCHF) Tiba Kwa Kadi (TIKA) National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) Social Health Insurance Benefit
Year started 1996 (CHF) 2009 1999–2001 2005
Membership Rural informal sector Urban informal sector Civil servants, some private sector Private sector workers
Annual premium Voluntary TSH 30,000 Mandatory 3% of salary for civil servants; voluntary vifurushi plans TSH 30,000–100,000 Voluntary 20% of salary
Benefits package Primary health care and limited hospital care; medicines access at health facility Inpatient/ outpatient at any certified facility; medicines access at health facility or retail outlet Similar to NHIF
Population coverage as of 2019 23% 9%  < 1%
  1. According to central-level government informants, the national goal for combined iCHF and NHIF population coverage in 2020 is 50%, up from the current 32%