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Table 3 Pharmacy characteristics table

From: Geographical accessibility of medicines: a systematic literature review of pharmacy mapping

Author Type of pharmacy Hours of operation Pharmacists on staff Prescription delivery services Medication availability Affordability Other characteristics
Sabde et al Surveyed only private pharmacies Only 14% of surveyed pharmacies provided details. 11.58%—pharmacists that worked in 88% urban pharmacy No difference in availability in urban and rural pharmacies Infrastructure:
Refrigerators availability: 73.39%—urban
20.4%—rural. Vaccine availability:
8.5%—urban
5.7%—rural
Casey et al Independent: in one location—54.9%
In more than one location: 12.7%
Chain—28.9%
Owned by hospital or clinic—3.2%
Mean: 57.0 h 1: 29.5%
2: 46.6%
3: 17.9%
4 or more: 6%
Private homes: 85.3%
Nursing homes: 79%, Clinics: 39.5%, Other retail: 3.5%, Other: 22%
Relief coverage:
Difficulty finding for vaccines: Very difficult: 55%, Very easy: 7.1%
Amitslavski et al 74%—Independent, 26%—chain 24 h pharmacies: 5%, open on Saturday: 91%, on Sunday: 47%, on both Saturday and Sunday: 45% 15%—one item out of stock
74.5%—5 or few items missing
25.5%—six or more items missing
 
Pednekar et al Independent and chain pharmacies more likely in pharmacy non-deserts 24 h services:
Pharmacy non-deserts: 1.2%, pharmacy deserts: 0.3%
Pharmacy deserts: 28.3%, Pharmacy non-deserts: 37%
Rushworth et al   Those prescribed five or more medicines have inconvenient access to pharmacies
Chisholm Burns et al Pharmacies operated on Saturday and Sunday = 6.7%, Monday – Friday: 63.5%
Pharmacies in the least populated area typically reported fewer hours per week than those in the most populated area
Mean: 27.1%
Significant difference in the percentage of pharmacies offering home delivery and income, employment rate and crime risk score
  Immunizations: 92.6%, Medication therapy management: 92.4%, Generic drug program: 85.4%
Qato et al Chain: 69.2%, Independent pharmacy: 13.5%, Clinic/CHC: 17.3% Cost related underuse: 10.3%, low income and uninsured residents traveled further those with a greater number of prescriptions utilized pharmacy more: 68.1%