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Table 4 Participants’ awareness toward COVID-19

From: Identification of the awareness level by the public of Arab countries toward COVID-19: cross-sectional study following an outbreak

  COVID-19 awareness score
Demographic variables Mean ± SD Median p value
Gender
 Male 79.45 14.04 83.33 0.478
 Female 78.27 14.43 77.78
Age groups
 18–22 70.31 14.79 72.22 < 0.001
 23–26 72.86 17.45 77.77  
 27–30 74.54 14.22 77.78  
 31–36 79.21 14.72 83.33  
 37–40 80.11 13.45 83.33  
 ≥ 41 80.19 14.79 83.56  
Country of residence
 Jordan 79.40 14.52 83.33 0.199
 Palestine 76.19 16.77 83.33  
 Qatar 80.06 10.31 83.33  
 UAE 78.99 16.24 80.56  
 KSA 75.67 13.08 77.78  
 Egypt 76.54 4.63 77.78  
 Other 79.17 15.07 80.55  
Having the same nationality as the country you live in
 Yes 77.64 14.52 77.78 0.202
 No 79.29 14.18 83.33  
Education
 Primary school/elementary 61.11 21.15 66.66 0.003
 Secondary school 74.18 13.14 77.77  
 Diploma 80.19 12.98 83.33  
 University degree 78.54 15.17 77.78  
 Post-graduate degree 81.08 11.29 83.33  
Employment    < 0.001
 Student 73.81 13.79 77.77  
 Unemployed 79.21 13.68 77.78  
 Employee in health sector 83.13 12.17 83.33  
 Employee in non-health sector 77.14 15.66 77.77  
Health profession
 Physician 83.33 9.44 80.50 0.446
 Nurse 85.42 11.78 83.33  
 Pharmacist 82.06 13.86 83.33  
 Other 79.91 7.36 77.74  
  1. p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant, p values obtained from the Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney U tests