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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with the general confidence with computer use scale

From: Lebanese pharmacists’ confidence and self-perceptions of computer literacy: scale validation and correlates

Variable GCWCU scale p
Gender   0.854
 Male 43.48 ± 7.30  
 Female 43.36 ± 7.32  
Educational level   0.001
 BS Pharmacy 42.15 ± 6.98  
 PharmD 44.17 ± 7.62  
 Master degree 43.86 ± 6.62  
 PhD 47.08 ± 8.12  
University you graduated from   < 0.001
 Lebanese University 44.74 ± 6.86  
 Saint-Joseph University 43.95 ± 7.51  
 Beirut Arab University 43.06 ± 7.32  
 Lebanese American University 45.78 ± 7.83  
 Lebanese International University 44.77 ± 6.79  
 American University of Beirut 45.00 ± 3.60  
 Outside Lebanon 40.73 ± 6.80  
Sector of work   0.001
 Not working yet 44.50 ± 7.47  
 Community employer 42.40 ± 7.16  
 Community employee 43.93 ± 7.03  
 Hospital/clinical 46.64 ± 7.16  
 Scientific office/medical representative 44.45 ± 6.21  
 Academia 51.09 ± 7.87  
 Public sector (MOPH) 47.71 ± 7.22  
 Industry 48.83 ± 11.05  
Connected to the internet for at least 4 h per day   < 0.001
 No 39.75 ± 6.26  
 Yes 43.86 ± 7.32  
 As needed 41.12 ± 6.64  
Ease to access OPL e-library account   < 0.001
 Never tried 41.08 ± 7.35  
 Easy 46.05 ± 6.50  
 Intermediate 41.96 ± 7.03  
 Difficult 41.73 ± 7.83  
Ease to access OPL Swank platform   < 0.001
 Never tried 42.35 ± 7.79  
 Easy 46.06 ± 6.50  
 Intermediate 42.71 ± 7.08  
 Difficult 40.76 ± 7.31  
Computer ownership   0.004
 No 42.39 ± 7.05  
 Yes 44.09 ± 7.41  
Smartphone ownership   
 No 42.41 ± 6.98 0.003
 Yes 44.16 ± 7.47  
Tablet ownership   < 0.001
 No 42.98 ± 7.18  
 Yes 47.17 ± 7.40  
iOS phone type   0.012
 No 42.95 ± 7.24  
 Yes 44.61 ± 7.38  
Android phone type   0.443
 No 43.59 ± 7.19  
 Yes 43.14 ± 7.48  
  1. Numbers in bold indicate significant p-values