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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample population

From: Lebanese pharmacists’ confidence and self-perceptions of computer literacy: scale validation and correlates

  Frequency (%)
Gender Male 208 (33.10%)
Female 420 (66.90%)
Education level BS Pharmacy 258 (41.10%)
PharmD 249 (39.60%)
Masters 98 (15.60%)
PhD 23 (3.70%)
University you graduated from LU 115 (18.30%)
USJ 147 (23.40%)
BAU 89 (14.20%)
LAU 55 (8.80%)
LIU 61 (9.70%)
AUB 3 (0.50%)
Outside Lebanon 157 (25.00%)
Work location Not working 19 (3.00%)
Beirut 92 (14.60%)
Mount Lebanon 258 (41.10%)
North Lebanon 20 (3.20%)
South Lebanon 120 (19.10%)
Bekaa 119 (18.90%)
Sector of work Not working 19 (3.00%)
Community employer 391 (62.40%)
Community employee 122 (19.50%)
Hospital/clinical 28 (4.50%)
Scientific office/medical representative 37 (5.90%)
Academia 11 (1.80%)
Public sector (MOPH) 14 (2.20%)
Industry 6 (1%)
Computer- and technology-related characteristics
 Owning a computer No 255 (40.60%)
Yes 373 (59.40%)
 Owning a smart phone No 273 (43.50%)
Yes 355 (56.50%)
 Owning a tablet No 565 (90.00%)
Yes 63 (10.00%)
 Connected to the internet for at least 4 h per day No 54 (8.60%)
Yes 549 (87.40%)
Only when needed 25 (4.00%)
 Ease of accessing OPL e-library account Never tried 70 (11.10%)
Easy 242 (38.50%)
Intermediate 211 (33.60%)
Difficult 105 (16.70%)
Ease of accessing OPL Swank platform Never tried 94 (15.00%)
Easy 205 (32.60%)
Intermediate 216 (34.40%)
Difficult 113 (18.00%)
Having OPL mobile application No 96 (15.30%)
Yes 532 (84.70%)
Read OPL messages through the application or by text message No 27 (4.30%)
Yes 515 (820%)
Sometimes 86 (13.70%)
Know the number of CE credits earned to date No 294 (46.80%)
Yes 216 (34.40%)
More or less 118 (18.80%)
Know the number of CE credits to be achieved by December 2019 No 311 (49.50%)
Yes 198 (31.50%)
More or less 119 (18.90%)
  1. LU Lebanese University, USJ Saint-Joseph University, BAU Beirut Arab University, LAU Lebanese American University, LIU Lebanese International University, AUB American University of Beirut