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Table 2 Clinical characteristics and in-hospital complication of the study participants at JUMC, Ethiopia (N = 269)

From: Predictors of prolonged length of hospital stay and in-hospital mortality among adult patients admitted at the surgical ward of Jimma University medical center, Ethiopia: prospective observational study

Variables Categories Frequency Percentage
Co-morbid condition Yes 110 40.9
No 159 59.1
Number of co-morbidity No co-morbid 159 59.1
1–2 co-morbid 98 36.4
≥ 3 co-morbid 12 4.5
Types of co-morbidity Non-chronic disease 210 78.1
Chronic disease 59 21.9
Oncologic condition No 223 82.9
Yes 46 17.1
Trauma-related condition No 221 82.2
Yes 48 17.8
Burn related surgery/skin grafta No 255 94.8
Yes 14 5.2
Types of surgical discipline upper and lower GIT 82 30.5
Breast 6 2.2
Urology 41 15.2
Cardiothoracic 10 3.7
Billary tract 5 1.9
head and neck 40 14.9
skin and deep tissue (incision, drainage, local excision) 62 23.0
Otherb 23 8.6
The overall length of hospital stay ≤7 days 35 13.0
8 to 15 days 73 27.1
>  15 days 161 59.9
Mean ± SD (minim- maximum) 25.35 ± 21.42 (1 to 127 days)
After operation length of hospital stay ≤7 days 68 25.3
> 7 to ≤15 days 101 37.5
> 15 days 100 37.2
Mean ± SD (minim- maximum) 17.61 ± 16.87 (0 to 120 days)
Before operation length of hospital stay ≤7 days 198 73.6
>  7 to ≤15 days 27 10.0
>  15 days 44 16.4
Mean ± SD (minim- maximum) 7.74 ± 14.51 (0 to 112 days)
Mortality rate The incidence rate of death per person-days 0.00193 per person-days
In-hospital sepsis Incidence rate per person-days 0.00208 per person-days
HAP Incidence rate per person-days 0.00104 per person-days
  1. N.B: GIT- gastrointestinal tract, HAP- Hospital-acquired pneumonia, a was more in female (7.8%) than male (3.9%), b- varicose vein, Hematoma, Gangrene, compartment syndrome, Contracture, and septic arthritis.