|Clear TAT instructions||
• Ask contributors to continuously say what is going through their minds with limited pauses.|
• Avoid asking for evaluation (e.g. “tell me what you think about…”).
• Always ask if contributors have any questions about the TAT procedure.
• Practice TATs with another questionnaire (similar structure, different topic).|
• Jointly reflect on the practice exercise with the contributor.
• Aim for minimal researcher interruptions during the practice task.
|Multiple feedback methods||
• Contributors may not feel comfortable with certain feedback methods (e.g. TATs).|
• When using TATs, always have alternative feedback methods available (e.g. open-ended feedback sessions).
• Use structured feedback methods (e.g. TATs) as a springboard for other feedback methods (e.g. open-ended discussion).
• Establish good researcher – contributor rapport before gathering feedback.|
• Making contributors feel comfortable will generate more detailed feedback.
• Making sure contributors have a positive PPI experience will benefit future research (e.g. with their continued involvement in other studies).