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Table 1 Patients Demographics

From: Optimization of antibiotic selection in the emergency department for urine culture follow ups, a retrospective pre-post intervention study: clinical pharmacist efforts

  Pharmacist arm (n = 55) NP arm (n = 102) P value
Age (years), (Mean, SD) 55.05 (22) 48.04 (22) 0.0587
Sex, n (%)
Male 12 (21) 20 (20) 0.742
Female 43 (78) 82 (80)  
Serum WBC, (Mean, SD) 8.71 (3.59) 7.59 (4.01) 0.085
Urinalysis
 Leukocyte esterase, (Mean, SD) 326.02 (205.33) 284.63 (207.37) 0.233
 Urine WBC, (Mean, SD) 87.31 (168.28) 192.66 (470.37) 0.110
Urinary pathogens
 E.coli 18 (33) 24 (23.5)  
 Mixed flora 19 (34.5) 22 (21.6)  
 Klebsiella pneumoniae 3 (5.5) 5 (4.9)  
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1 (1.8) 0
 Staphylococcus aureus 1 (1.8) 6 (5.9)  
 Lactobacillus 1 (1.8) 5 (4.9)  
 Serratia marcescens 1 (1.8) 2 (2)  
 Group B beta hemolytic streptococcus 2 (3.6) 4 (3.9)  
Type of UTI, n (%)
 Unspecified UTI 28 (50.9) 53 (52)  
 Pyelonephritis 13 (23.6) 24 (23.5)  
 Complicated pyelonephritis 7 (12.7) 0
 Complicated cystitis 4 (7.3) 9 (8.8)  
 Uncomplicated cystitis 2 (3.6) 16 (15.7)  
 Catheter associated UTI 1 (1.8) 0  
Antibiotics, n (%)
 Ciprofloxacin 22 (45) 32 (36)  
 Cefdinir 6 (10.9) 9 (8.8)
 Cephalexin 12 (21.8) 31 (30.4)  
 Nitrofurantoin 7 (12.7) 18 (17.4)  
 Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim 2 (3.6) 0  
  1. E. coli: Escherichia coli, UTI urinary tract infection