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Table 1 Socio demographic characteristics of respondents

From: Self medication practice and associated factors among students of Asmara College of Health Sciences, Eritrea: a cross sectional study

Variable Self-medication
(n = 232)
No self-medication
(n = 61)
Total (%) p-values
Sex (n = 291)
Male 108(72.5%) 41(27.5%) 149 (51.2%) .005
Female 122 (85.9%) 20 (14.1%) 142 (48.8%)
Age range
18–20 138 (75.8%) 44 (24.2%) 182 (62.1%) .222
21–23 64 (82.1%) 14 (17.9%) 78 (26.6%)
24–26 11 (91.7%) 1 (8.3%) 12 (4.1%)
27–54 19 (90.5%) 2 (9.5%) 21 (7.2%)
Residence (n = 289)
Urban 186 (83.8%) 36 (16.2%) 222 (76.8%) .000
Rural 42 (62.7%) 25 (37.3%) 67 (23.2%)
Study program level
Diploma 131 (76.2%) 41 (23.8%) 172 (58.7%) .129
Degree 101 (83.5%) 20 (16.5%) 121 (41.3%)
Average monthly income/allowance(n = 287)
Don’t have income 160 (76.2%) 50 (23.8%) 210 (73.2%) .012
Have income 69 (95.8%) 8 (4.2%) 77 (26.8%)
Mother’s education(n = 290)
Illiterate 26 (68.4%) 12 (31.6%) 38 (13.1%) .041
Can read and write – Elementary 73 (76.0%) 23 (24.0%) 96 (33.1%)
Middle - Secondary 91 (82.7%) 19 (17.3%) 110 (37.9%)
Tertiary 36 (90.0%) 4 (10.0%) 40 (13.8%)
Don’t know 3 (50.0%) 3 (50.0%) 6 (2.1%)
Father’s education(n = 287)
Illiterate 9 (69.2%) 4 (30.8%) 13 (4.5%) .015
Can read and Write - Elementary 47 (75.8%) 15 (24.2%) 62 (25.1%)
Middle - Secondary 79 (77.5%) 23 (22.5%) 102 (35.5%)
Tertiary 79 (89.8%) 9 (10.2%) 88 (30.7%)
Don’t know 11 (91.7%) 1 (8.3%) 12 (4.2%)