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Table 4 Disposal practice of unused and expired pharmaceuticals among households in Harar City, Eastern Ethiopia from February 27–April 27, 2018 (n = 694)

From: Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards disposal of unused and expired pharmaceuticals among community in Harar city, Eastern Ethiopia

Questions n (%)
Did any quantity of purchased medicine remain unused at your home?
 Yes 459 (66.2)
 No 235 (33.8)
What do you do with the unused medicines?
 Throw away in household garbage 369 (53.2)
 Flush unused medications in toilet/sink 166 (23.9)
 Keep at home until expired 111 (16.0)
 Burn 15 (2.2)
 Donate to hospital 13 (1.9)
 Give to friends or relatives 13 (1.9)
 Return back to pharmacy 7 (1.0)
What do you do with the expired medicines?
 Throw away in household garbage 369 (53.2)
 Flush expired medications in toilet/sink 258 (37.2)
 Return back to pharmacy 15 (2.2)
 Give to friends or relatives 3 (0.4)
 I don’t know what to do 27 (3.9)
 Othera 22 (3.2)
Do you separate unused medicines before disposal?
 Yes 446 (64.3)
 No 248 (35.7)
Way of discarding expired medicines
 Crashed before discarding 85 (12.2)
 Diluted with water 41 (5.9)
 As it is 461 (66.4)
 I don’t know what to do 107 (15.4)
  1. aland fill, burn, keep at home