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Table 2 Participants knowledge of unused and expired Pharmaceuticals disposal in Harar City, Eastern Ethiopia from February 27–April 27, 2018 (n = 694)

From: Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards disposal of unused and expired pharmaceuticals among community in Harar city, Eastern Ethiopia

Questions/statements n (%)
Do you know about medication waste?
 Yes 506 (72.9)
 No 188 (27.1)
Do you ever read medicines disposal instructions?
 Yes 327 (47.1)
 No 367 (52.9)
Do you know about “drug-take-back system”?
 Yes 230 (33.1)
 No 464 (66.9)
Do you know that misused/repeated change or failing to complete antibiotics may cause drug resistance?
 Yes 542 (78.1)
 No 152 (21.9)
Improper disposal of unused and expired medicines can affect the environment and health.
 Yes 597 (86.0)
 No 97 (14.0)
How could be hazardous effect of unused and expired medicines minimized or controlled?
 Providing proper guidance to the consumer 476 (68.6)
 Prescribing in quantities and for duration that ensure patient compliance 123 (17.7)
 Lowering the number of prescribed medicine by doctor 32 (4.6)
 Donating or sharing the unused medicines 34 (4.9)
 Othera 29 (4.2)
Stakeholder for creating the awareness among community about proper disposal of unused and expired medicines
 Electronic Media 344 (49.6)
 Physician 170 (24.5)
 Pharmacy 59 (8.5)
 Newspaper 35 (5.0)
 All sources 78 (11.2)
 Otherb 8 (1.2)
  1. akeeping in safe place, disposing in toilet, burning bhealth bureau, environmental agency, drug regulatory agency