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Table 7 Common pharmacological classes of drugs prescribed and top three individual drugs per class in prescriptions dispensed from Jan 1-Dec 31, 2016

From: Investigation of prescribing behavior at outpatient settings of governmental hospitals in eastern Ethiopia: an overall evaluation beyond World Health Organization core prescribing indicators

Top drug classes N (%) Top three drugs per class N (%)
Antimicrobial agents 2036 (39.02) Amoxicillin 497 (24.41)
Ciprofloxacin 276 (13.56)
Metronidazole 202 (9.92)
Analgesics 1548 (29.67) Diclofenac 594 (38.37)
Paracetamol 388 (25.06)
Tramadol 239 (15.44)
Gastrointestinal drugs 555 (10.64) Omeprazole 206 (37.11)
Cimetidine 115 (20.72)
Plasil 104 (18.74)
Cardiovascular drugs 260 (4.98) Furosemide 62 (23.85)
Nifedipine 56 (21.54)
Spironolactone 26 (10.0)
Vitamins & Minerals 253 (4.85) Multivitamin 84 (33.20)
Pyridoxine 28 (11.06)
Vitamin B complex 21 (8.30)
Antihistamines 200 (3.83) Chlorpheniramine 104 (52.0)
Almetamin 52 (26.0)
Diphenhydramine 10 (5.0)
Respiratory drugs 122 (2.33) Salbutamol 58 (47.54)
Cough syrup 49 (40.16)
Theophydrine 9 (7.38)
Antidiabetic agents 119 (2.28) Glibenclamide 45 (37.82)
Metformin 40 (33.61)
Insulin 25 (21.0)
Central nervous system drugs 86 (1.65) Amitriptyline 33 (38.37)
Fluoxetine 17 (19.77)
Chlorpromazine 14 (16.28)
Others 38 (0.73)   
Total drugs 5217 (100)