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Table 6 Results of multivariable models showing factors significantly associated with average changes in the overall SPARS scores by level of care and in all facilities

From: Article 2: Longitudinal study assessing the one-year effects of supervision performance assessment and recognition strategy (SPARS) to improve medicines management in Uganda health facilities

  HC2 HC3 HC4/Hospital All facilities
Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI) Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI) Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI) Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI)
Region
 Central 290 208 -    554 -
 Western 493 0.3 (0.00, 0.55) 285 0.7 (0.42, 1.04)    883 0.5 (0.32, 0.72)
 Eastern 625 0.2 (-0.09, 0.43) 365 0.5 (0.16, 0.76)    1087 0.3 (0.13, 0.51)
 Northern 231 0.7 (0.35, 0.96) 122 0.9 (0.46, 1.29)    383 0.8 (0.55, 1.01)
Ownership
 Government 1434      2472
 PNFP 205 -0.4 (-0.69, -0.13)      435 -0.2 (-0.39, 0.01)
Number of MMS supervising a facility
 One MMS      196 2541
 More than one MMS      96 0.9 (0.21 , 1.58) 366 0.3 (0.02, 0.63)
Number of facilities MMS is designated
 1-10 578       
 11-15 724 0.2 (0.06, 0.44)       
 16+ 337 0.3 (0.05, 0.61)       
Profession of responsible MMS
 Pharmacist/dispensers 135      302
 Clinician 928 -0.4 (-0.75, -0.01)      1618 -0.2 (-0.47, 0.01)
 Nurse/midwife 478 -0.4 (-0.83, -0.06)      789 -0.2 (-0.46, 0.05)
 Storekeeper 98 -0.8 (-1.33, -0.29)      198 -0.7 (-1.04, -0.35)
Received feedback from DHO about MMS report
 No    162    414
 Yes    818 0.7 (0.32, 1.17)    2493 0.6 (0.30, 0.95)
Baseline score 1639 -0.2 (-0.29, -0.21) 980 -0.3 (-0.33, -0.21) 292 -0.2 (-0.3, -0.13) 2907 -0.3 (-0.28, -0.22)
  1. Figures in bold indicate adjusted differences with 95%CIs that did not include zero based on the multivariable models