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Table 5 Adjusted a mean change in overall SPARS and domain scores by level of care and visit number during the first year of supervision

From: Article 2: Longitudinal study assessing the one-year effects of supervision performance assessment and recognition strategy (SPARS) to improve medicines management in Uganda health facilities

HC2 HC3 HC4/hospital All facilities
Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI) Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI) Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI) Observations Adj. Diff. (95%CI)
Total SPARS score
 All 1639 2.2 (2.14 - 2.27) 980 2.1 (2.04 - 2.19) 292 2.0 (1.87 - 2.11) 2911 2.2 (2.11 - 2.20)
  2 679 3.2 (3.07 - 3.26) 416 2.8 (2.68 - 2.87) 125 2.5 (2.34 - 2.66) 1220 3.0 (2.90 - 3.02)
  3 496 2.1 (1.97 - 2.19) 301 2.1 (1.87 - 2.25) 96 2.1 (1.85 - 2.42) 893 2.1 (2.01 - 2.15)
  4 323 0.8 (0.72 - 0.95) 186 1.0 (0.75 - 1.16) 53 1.1 (0.91 - 1.28) 562 0.9 (0.82 - 0.97)
  5 141 1.2 (1.03 - 1.33) 77 1.6 (1.31 - 1.93) 18 0.3 (-0.01 - 0.68) 236 1.3 (1.15 - 1.36)
Stock management
 All 1635 0.3 (0.31 - 0.36) 980 0.4 (0.34 - 0.40) 292 0.4 (0.29 - 0.42) 2907 0.4 (0.32 - 0.38)
  2 679 0.4 (0.37 - 0.45) 416 0.5 (0.40 - 0.53) 125 0.4 (0.24 - 0.50) 1220 0.4 (0.38 - 0.47)
  3 494 0.4 (0.36 - 0.43) 301 0.4 (0.31 - 0.42) 96 0.5 (0.40 - 0.56) 891 0.4 (0.37 - 0.42)
  4 321 0.1 (0.10 - 0.18) 186 0.3 (0.20 - 0.32) 53 0.2 (0.04 - 0.35) 560 0.2 (0.16 - 0.21)
  5 141 0.2 (0.15 - 0.34) 77 0.2 (0.04 - 0.35) 18 0.1 (-0.22 - 0.42) 236 0.2 (0.15 - 0.28)
Storage management
 All 1639 0.4 (0.34 - 0.38) 980 0.4 (0.33 - 0.39) 292 0.3 (0.23 - 0.30) 2911 0.3 (0.34 - 0.36)
  2 679 0.6 (0.51 - 0.59) 416 0.5 (0.45 - 0.61) 125 0.4 (0.29 - 0.53) 1220 0.5 (0.50 - 0.57)
  3 496 0.4 (0.29 - 0.43) 301 0.3 (0.21 - 0.34) 96 0.2 (0.05 - 0.29) 893 0.3 (0.28 - 0.34)
  4 323 0.1 (0.03 - 0.11) 186 0.1 (0.06 - 0.23) 53 0.2 (0.12 - 0.35) 562 0.1 (0.08 - 0.14)
  5 141 0.1 (-0.03 - 0.23) 77 0.2 (0.13 - 0.33) 18 -0.1 (-0.27 - 0.06) 236 0.1 (0.05 - 0.20)
Order reporting
 All 1639 0.4 (0.34 - 0.39) 980 0.3 (0.29 - 0.35) 292 0.5 (0.46 - 0.58) 2911 0.4 (0.35 - 0.38)
  2 679 0.5 (0.42 - 0.52) 416 0.3 (0.29 - 0.41) 125 0.7 (0.62 - 0.83) 1220 0.5 (0.42 - 0.48)
  3 496 0.4 (0.30 - 0.40) 301 0.4 (0.32 - 0.45) 96 0.5 (0.32 - 0.60) 893 0.4 (0.33 - 0.42)
  4 323 0.2 (0.12 - 0.25) 186 0.1 (0.01 - 0.22) 53 0.2 (0.05 - 0.38) 562 0.2 (0.11 - 0.22)
  5 141 0.3 (0.24 - 0.40) 77 0.5 (0.39 - 0.58) 18 0.3 (-0.02 - 0.58) 236 0.4 (0.30 - 0.44)
Prescribing quality
 All 1639 0.6 (0.59 - 0.62) 980 0.6 (0.52 - 0.60) 292 0.4 (0.38 - 0.45) 2911 0.6 (0.56 - 0.58)
  2 679 0.8 (0.76 - 0.80) 416 0.7 (0.65 - 0.81) 125 0.5 (0.41 - 0.54) 1220 0.7 (0.70 - 0.75)
  3 496 0.6 (0.60 - 0.66) 301 0.5 (0.49 - 0.57) 96 0.5 (0.44 - 0.58) 893 0.6 (0.56 - 0.60)
  4 323 0.3 (0.26 - 0.33) 186 0.3 (0.24 - 0.37) 53 0.2 (0.12 - 0.35) 562 0.3 (0.27 - 0.32)
  5 141 0.4 (0.33 - 0.43) 77 0.4 (0.35 - 0.51) 18 0.1 (-0.19 - 0.30) 236 0.4 (0.32 - 0.42)
Dispensing quality
 All 1639 0.5 (0.52 - 0.56) 980 0.5 (0.48 - 0.52) 292 0.4 (0.40 - 0.46) 2911 0.5 (0.51 - 0.53)
  2 679 1.0 (0.95 - 0.98) 416 0.7 (0.68 - 0.73) 125 0.5 (0.48 - 0.56) 1220 0.8 (0.82 - 0.84)
  3 496 0.3 (0.33 - 0.36) 301 0.5 (0.48 - 0.54) 96 0.5 (0.47 - 0.55) 893 0.4 (0.40 - 0.43)
  4 323 0.1 (0.12 - 0.16) 186 0.1 (0.09 - 0.16) 53 0.2 (0.16 - 0.28) 562 0.1 (0.13 - 0.16)
  5 141 0.1 (0.11 - 0.17) 77 0.3 (0.23 - 0.33) 18 0.0 (-0.08 - 0.1) 236 0.2 (0.15 - 0.20)
  1. aModels adjusted for baseline SPARS scores and the significant predictors in the individual multivariate analyses, which are listed for each model in Table 6 and Appendix 1