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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of 273 smear-positive tuberculosis cases that were registered between April 2014 and March 2015

From: Evaluating treatment outcomes and durations among cases of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Yemen: a prospective follow-up study

  City Patients with tuberculosis n (%)
Taiz, n (%) Alhodidah, n (%)
Sex
 Male 72 (48) 78 (52) 150 (54.9)
 Female 73 (59.3) 50 (40.7) 123 (45.1)
Age (years)
 16–25 69 (62.7) 41 (37.3) 110 (40.3)
 26–35 37 (52.9) 33 (47.1) 70 (25.6)
 36–45 18 (56.3) 14 (43.8) 32 (11.7)
 46–55 13 (40.6) 19 (59.4) 32 (11.7)
 56–65 4 (22.2) 14 (43.8) 18 (6.6)
  ≥ 66 4 (36.4) 7 (63.3) 11 (4)
Weight (kg)
  ≤ 30 2 (18.2) 9 (81.8) 11 (4)
 31–40 43 (61.4) 27 (38.6) 70 (25.6)
 41–50 69 (52.7) 62 (47.3) 131 (48)
 51–60 19 (47.5) 21 (52.5) 40 (14.7)
 61–70 8 (53.3) 7 (46.7) 15 (5.5)
  > 70 4 (66.7) 2 (33.3) 6 (2.2)
BMI (kg/m2)
  < 18.5 80 (55.6) 64 (44.4) 144 (52.7)
  ≥ 18.5 65 (50.4) 64 (49.6) 129 (47.3)
Area
 Urban 91 (48.7) 96 (51.3) 187 (68.5)
 Rural 54 (62.8) 32 (37.2) 86 (31.5)
Level of education
 Illiterate 53 (43.4) 69 (56.6) 122 (44.7)
 Primary 34 (54.8) 28 (45.2) 62 (22.7)
 Pre-secondary 23 (82.1) 5 (17.9) 28 (10.3)
 Secondary 25 (53.2) 22 (46.8) 47 (17.2)
 University 10 (71.4) 4 (28.6) 14 (5.1)
Marital status
 Single 49 (45.8) 58 (54.2) 107 (39.2)
 Divorced 2 (50) 2 (50) 4 (1.5)
 Widow 6 (54.5) 5 (45.5) 11 (4)
 Married 88 (58.3) 63 (41.7) 151 (55.3)
Employment status
 Employed 57 (50.4) 56 (49.6) 113 (41.4)
 Unemployed 88 (55) 72 (45) 160 (58.6)
Smoking habit
 Yes 110 (57.6) 81 (42.4) 191 (70)
 No 35 (42.7) 47 (57.3) 82 (30)
Chewing khat a
 Yes 90 (51.1) 86 (48.9) 176 (64.5)
 No 55 (56.7) 42 (43.3) 97 (35)
Monthly income (rialb)
  ≤ 10,000 98 (53.6) 85 (46.4) 183 (67)
  > 10,000 47 (52.2) 43 (47.8) 90 (33)
Stigma
 Yes 49 (41.2) 70 (58.8) 119 (43.6)
 No 96 (62.3) 58 (54.7) 154 (56.4)
Knowledge
 Poor (1–3) 23 (59) 16 (41) 39 (14.3)
 Good (4–6) 122 (52.1) 112 (47.9) 234 (85.7)
Family history of tuberculosis
 Yes 61 (68.5) 28 (31.5) 89 (32.6)
 No 84 (45.7) 100 (54.3) 184 (67.4)
BCG vaccination
 Yes 42 (84) 8 (16) 50 (18.3)
 No 103 (46.2) 120 (53.8) 223 (81.7)
  1. BMI body mass index, BCG Bacillus Calmette–Guerin
  2. akhat: a shrub that grows in parts of East Africa and Yemen, b rial: one dollar is approximately equivalent to 215 rial