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Table 4 Effect intrapartum antibiotic exposure on mean APGAR score

From: Antibiotic use during pregnancy: a retrospective study of prescription patterns and birth outcomes at an antenatal clinic in rural Ghana

APGAR Scores    
   N Mean ± SD
Marital status Married 282 8.26 ± 1.37 *
Single 62 8.69 ± 0.90
Age groups ≤19 53 8.60 ± 1.10*
20–30 232 8.41 ± 1.28
≥31 93 8.10 ± 1.43
Occupational status Employed 272 8.32 ± 1.32
Student 41 8.40 ± 1.25
Unemployed 25 8.48 ± 0.95
Religion Christian 311 8.33 ± 1.34
Muslim 21 8.43 ± 1.15
Traditional 1 9.00 ± 0.00
GRAVIDA 1–3 200 8.54 ± 1.22 *
≥4 88 8.20 ± 1.27
Mode of delivery Ceasarian section 100 8.03 ± 1.67 **
Vaginal delivery 281 8.47 ± 1.11
Antibiotic exposure Yes 248 8.30 ± 1.30
No 133 8.47 ± 1.26
Perinatal antibiotic exposure Yes 104 7.96 ± 1.70 **
No 277 8.51 ± 1.07
  1. Results represented as mean ± SD. *means p < 0.05, **p < 0.01