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Table 2 Summary of government procurement prices, availability and patient prices in Ethiopia for locally produced and imported medicines

From: Prices and availability of locally produced and imported medicines in Ethiopia and Tanzania

  Public sector Private sector
Locally produced Imported Locally produced Imported
Government procurement pricesa Number of medicines (products) 21 (48) 12 (13) N/A
Median MPR 1.20 0.84
Interquartile range 0.99 – 1.33 0.77 – 1.26
Availability Mean availability of all products (local and imported) and product types 64% 73%
Mean availability of all product types  -Originator brands  -Branded generics  -INN generics 48% 0% 37% 14% 19% 0% 10% 9% 54% 0% 42% 13% 35% 9% 29% 3%
Patient prices Number of medicines (products) 10 (177) 10 (129) 15 (306) 15 (403)
Median MPR 1.44 1.18 1.85 5.42
Median interquartile range 1.08-1.56 1.02-1.42 1.71-1.96 2.65-9.34
Median MPR (products)a  -Originator brands  -Branded generics  -INN generics ᅟ - 1.41 (331) 1.45 (125) ᅟ - 1.14 (89) 1.41 (79) ᅟ - 1.71 (330) 2.17 (98) ᅟ 20.35 (69) 4.33 (411) 2.08 (25)
  1. aUnpaired analysis of prices