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Table 2 Relation between research themes, research questions and interview guides

From: Experiences from a pilot study on how to conduct a qualitative multi-country research project regarding use of antibiotics in Southeast Europe

Themes in the protocol to be explored by the project
- The process of diagnosis
- Why a specific antibiotic was selected
- Where and how antibiotic were purchased
- Use of antibiotic,
- Satisfaction with antibiotic process
- Antibiotic knowledge
- Antibiotic attitudes
Example - Research questions pertaining to the theme ‘The process of diagnosis’
- What symptoms made the patient seek the physician or the pharmacist?
- What did the patient want from the consultation?
- What did the patient expect from the consultation?
- Was the patient examined? If yes - how?
Example - Operationalized research questions in the interview-guide pertaining to ‘The process of diagnosis’ (‘Patients with AB prescription’- please see appendix 1 for the full interview guide):
- When was the last time you got a prescription for an upper respiratory tract infection (should be within the last 3 months)
- What was the situation – what were your symptoms – for how long?
- Did you have any idea what kind of disease you were suffering from?
- Did you come here by your own initiative or were you encouraged by family, colleagues or friends?
- Which doctor did you seek – why this doctor?
- What did you want from the doctor?
- What did you expect from the doctor?
- How did the consultation go? What happened? What was said – by whom?
- Did the doctor make a diagnosis/examine you? If yes, how and do you know what the diagnosis was?