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Table 5 Inclusion and price ratio of studied medicines in the pharmacy discount program

From: Evaluating availability and price of essential medicines in Boston area (Massachusetts, USA) using WHO/HAI methodology

Type of Medicine Walmart/Sam’s Club Target Prescription Saver Target $4/$10 Hannaford Walgreens CVS Jewel-Osco Overall/Summary
Inclusion (%)a Price Ratio [median (min, max)]b Inclusion (%)a Price Ratio [median (min, max)]b Inclusion (%)a Price Ratio [median (min, max)]b Inclusion (%)a Price Ratio [median (min, max)]b Inclusion (%)a Price Ratio [median (min, max)]b Inclusion (%)a Price Ratio [median (min, max)]b Inclusion (%)a Price Ratio [median (min, max)]b Mean Inclusion (%)a Median of Price Ratios [min, max]
Acute
n = 12c
50.0 % 4.4 (3.3, 18.8) 100.0 % 16.1 (3.3, 70.7) 50.0 % 4.8 (3.3, 18.8) 100.0 % 16.3 (3.3, 74.3) 66.7 % 8.3 (4.4, 25.3) 58.3 % 13.3 (3.3, 46.7) 75.0 % 5.4 (3.5, 18.7) 71.4 % 8.3 (4.4, 16.3)
Chronic
n = 14c
35.7 % 5.4 (3.3, 16.8) 100.0 % 15.0 (2.9, 81.3) 35.7 % 6.7 (3.3, 15.2) 92.9 % 5.4 (3.3, 70.1) 57.1 % 8.2 (2.5, 16.8) 50.0 % 6.5 (3.3, 20.2) 50.0 % 4.7 (3.3, 16.8) 60.2 % 5.0 (4.1, 13.7)
Overall Inclusion and Price Ratios [Median (min, max)] n = 26 42.3 % 4.4 (3.3, 18.8) 100.0 % 13.9 (2.9, 81.3) 42.3 % 4.4 (3.3, 18.8) 96.2 % 13.3 (1.4, 74.3) 61.5 % 8.2 (2.5, 25.3) 53.8 % 8.2 (3.3, 46.7) 61.5 % 5.3 (3.3, 18.7)  
  1. aInclusion refers to the percentage of total surveyed medicines offered by a given pharmacy discount program
  2. bCompares median of the calculated price ratios to the MSH median unit reference price
  3. c n refers to the total number of medicines surveyed for acute and chronic medicines, respectively