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Table 2 Attitude of health care providers towards clinical pharmacy services (N =594), September 2014

From: Attitude and satisfaction of health care providers towards clinical pharmacy services in Ethiopia: A post-deployment survey

Attitude items Respondents Agree Neutral Disagree AOR (95 % CI)
   N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Clinical pharmacist participation in medical ward round is desirable Physicians 228 (43.02) 12 (41.38) 4 (11.43) 1.90 [0.17–20.39]
Nurses 232 (43.78) 13 (44.83) 30 (85.71) 0.10 [0.01–0.88]*
HO 70 (13.21) 4 (13.79) 1 (2.86) 1.00 [references]
Total 530 (89.23) 29 (4.89) 35 (5.89)  
Clinical pharmacist can play important role in patient education and counseling Physicians 230 (43.73) 10 (27.03) 4 (12.90) 0.92 [0.09–9.22]
  Nurses 224 (42.59) 25 (67.57) 26 (83.87) 0.15 [0.02–1.22]
  HO 72 (13.69) 2 (5.41) 1 (3.23) 1.00
  Total 526 (88.56) 37 (6.23) 31 (5.22)  
Clinical pharmacist can monitor patient response to drug therapy from toxicity/side effects perspective Physicians 223 (42.97) 17 (37.78) 4 (13.34) 0.92 [0.09–9.22]
  Nurses 227 (43.74) 23 (51.11) 25 (83.33) 0.15 [0.02–1.22]
  HO 69 (13.29) 5 (11.11) 1 (3.33) 1.00
  Total 519 (87.37) 45 (7.58) 30 (5.05)  
Clinical pharmacist can monitor patient response to drug therapy from effectiveness perspective Physicians 209 (41.97) 26 (43.33) 9 (25) 0.92 [0.09–9.22]
  Nurses 221 (44.38) 29 (48.34) 25 (69.44) 0.15 [0.02–1.22]
  HO 68 (13.65) 5 (8.33) 2 (5.56) 1.00
  Total 498 (87.88) 60 (6.92) 36 (5.06)  
Clinical pharmacist can provide drug information to health care professionals such as compatibility, stability, storage, availability Physicians 231 (44.25) 10 (24.39) 3 (10.00) 1.82 [0.17–19.55]
  Nurses 222 (42.53) 27 (65.85) 26 (86.67) 0.17 [0.02–1.42]
  HO 70 (13.41) 4 (9.76) 1 (3.33) 1.00
  Total 522 (77.27) 41 (15.49) 30 (7.24)  
Clinical pharmacy service enhance patients appreciation and satisfaction Physicians 209 (45.53) 30 (32.61) 5 (11.63) 0.41 [0.09–1.90]
  Nurses 184 (40.09) 56 (60.87) 35 (81.40) 2.89 [0.82–10.10]
  HO 66 (14.38) 6 (6.52) 3 (6.97) 1.00
  Total 459 (69.02) 92 (16.50) 43 (14.48)  
Clinical pharmacist should take patients medication history at admission Physicians 186 (45.37) 38 (38.78) 20 (23.26) 1.33 [0.49–3.61]
Nurses 159 (38.78) 57 (58.16) 59 (68.60) 0.29 [0.12–0.72]*
HO 65 (15.85) 3 (3.06) 7 (8.14) 1.00
Total 410 (74.20) 98 (15.68 86 (10.12)  
Clinical pharmacist should have access to patients chart and have a place to document their service Physicians 194 (44.09) 37 (39.78) 13 (21.67) 0.61 [0.12–3.00]
Nurses 185 (42.05) 45 (48.39) 45 (75.0) 0.14 [0.03–0.65]*
HO 61 (13.86) 11 (11.83) 2 (3.33) 1.00
Total 440 (74.20) 94 (15.68) 60 (10.12)  
Clinical pharmacist should analyses patient treatment and suggest changes of therapy when necessary Physicians 193 (42.05) 32 (42.31) 18 (32.14) 0.38 [0.08–1.82]*
Nurses 203 (44.23) 36 (46.15) 36 (64.29) 0.209 [0.04–0.93]*
HO 63 (13.73) 9 (11.54) 2 (3.57) 1.00
Total 459 (77.14) 77 (13.11) 58 (9.75)  
Clinical pharmacist should care about drug products and leave patient care to Doctors, Health Officers and nurses Physicians 90 (30.51) 47 (45.19) 107 (55.16) 0.33 [0.16–0.68]*
Nurses 160 (54.24) 45 (43.27) 70 (36.08) 0.77 [0.38–1.57]
HO 45 (15.25) 12 (11.54) 17 (8.76) 1.00
Total 295 (49.75) 104 (17.53) 195 (32.72)  
The current setup (infrastructure and environments of your hospital is appropriate for the provisions of clinical pharmacy service) Physicians 107 (36.03) 64 (50.39) 73 (43.46) 0.60[0.29–1.23]
  Nurses 148 (49.83) 51 (40.16) 75 (44.64) 0.90 [0.45–1.80]
  HO 42 (14.14) 12 (9.45) 20 (11.99) 1.00
  Total 297 (50.17) 127 (21.45) 168 (28.38)  
Clinical pharmacy service initiation is desirable in Ethiopian health care system Physicians 210 (44.03) 27 (35.06) 7 (17.95) 1.78 [0.40–7.85]
  Nurses 202 (42.35) 44 (57.14) 29 (74.36) 0.34 [0.09–1.30]
  HO 65 (13.63) 6 (7.80) 3 (7.69) 1.00
  Total 477 (80.44) 77 (12.98) 39 (6.58)  
Clinical pharmacist can improve over all patient outcome/quality of patient care Physicians 215 (43.79) 28 (43.75) 1 (2.63) 17.80 [1.93–164.86]*
Nurses 208 (42.36) 35 (54.69) 32 (84.21) 0.58 [0.19–1.70]
HO 68 (13.85) 1 (1.56) 6 (13.18) 1.00
Total 491 (82.79) 64 (10.79) 39 (6.41)  
  1. Data was analyzed using multivariable regression; *p < 0.05