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Table 3 Item analysis for community pharmacists’ attitude to public health

From: Engaging Nigerian community pharmacists in public health programs: assessment of their knowledge, attitude and practice in Enugu metropolis

Item Mean ± SD p-values
Years of practice Qualification Public health experience
a1. Public Health activities should be carried out by only nurses and medical doctors. 4.7 ± 0.7 0.56 0.71 0.74
a2 Public Health activities should be carried out in health centres only. 4.5 ± 0.7 0.64 0.81 0.47
a3. Pharmacists were not trained to carry out public health activities while in pharmacy school. 4.3 ± 0.9 0.71 0.70 0.28
4. Community pharmacists are competent to carry out public health activities. 4.3 ± 1.0 0.23 0.57 0.22
5. Health education carried out by the community pharmacist should be focused on group of individuals as well as individual clients 3.9 ± 1.1 0.06 0.19 0.27
a6. Health education administered by community pharmacists should focus on drug related information. 4.2 ± 0.7 0.84 0.74 0.84
a7. It is not the role of community pharmacists to educate their clients on risk factors to chronic diseases, such as smoking, nutrition, overweight, etc. 4.8 ± 0.4 0.68 0.34 0.39
a8. It is not essential for the community pharmacists to educate their clients on oral hygiene/health. 4.7 ± 0.7 0.65 0.43 0.69
a9. It is not necessary for the community pharmacists to educate their clients on sexual health (contraception, prevention of STIs) since it is already done in the family planning clinic. 4.6 ± 0.5 1.00 0.48 0.33
a10. Educating clients on immunization (including vaccines required for intending travelers) should not be the business of community pharmacists. 4.6 ± 0.7 0.53 0.76 0.23
11. Screening clients in the community pharmacy for hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia will help to reduce the incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases. 4.7 ± 0.8 0.46 0.17 0.71
12. It is important for the community pharmacists to always ensure that patients adhere to their medication. 4.7 ± 0.7 0.39 0.18 0.70
  Average attitude score 4.5 ± 0.7 - - -
  1. aA high score for these items were reversed to the corresponding low score and vice versa at the point of analysis