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Table 4 Predictors of seeking care in a public healthcare facility, of receiving an antimalarial, and of receiving ACT

From: Treatment of Febrile illness with artemisinin combination therapy: prevalence and predictors in five African household surveys

  Sought care in a Public Health care facility Received an antimalarial Received ACT
Number of observations 1686 1686 1257
  OR(95% CI) OR(95% CI) OR(95% CI)
Household-related predictors    
Sought care in a public health care facility - 1.67*** 4.64***(2.98,7.22)
Non-capital region (vs capital region) 2.14***(1.36,3.37) 1.52*(1.00,2.30) 0.93(0.40,2.15)
Total monthly expenditure in lowest quintile (vs higher) 0.92(0.66,1.30) 0.80(0.59,1.09) 1.04(0.72,1.49)
Distance from public hospital or health facility (vs <15min)    
15 minutes to 1 hour 0.40***(0.29,0.56) 0.95(0.68,1.33) 0.79(0.52,1.21)
Over 1 hour 0.21***(0.14,0.33) 0.65*(0.43,0.98) 0.72(0.37,1.40)
Distance from private hospital, clinic, or doctor (vs <15min)    
15 minutes to 1 hour 1.49*(1.02,2.16) 1.14(0.82,1.60) 1.02(0.63,1.66)
Over 1 hour 2.75***(1.91,3.98) 1.13(0.79,1.62) 1.15(0.65,2.02)
Distance from private medicines retail outlet (vs <15min)    
15 minutes to 1 hour 1.20(0.83,1.75) 1.16(0.80,1.67) 1.42(0.84,2.41)
Over 1 hour 1.57**(1.06,2.33) 0.80(0.53,1.20) 1.56(0.89,2.71)
Respondent education high school or above (vs less or none) 0.91(0.64,1.28) 1.17(0.79,1.74) 2.67***(1.74,4.11)
Respondent opinions (vs no or unsure)    
Closet public facility usually has medicines 1.47*(1.09,1.99) 1.25(0.92,1.71) 1.03(0.69,1.54)
free medicines at public facility 1.91***(1.45,2.51) 0.80(0.59,1.07) 1.20(0.77,1.88)
Can usually medicines needed 0.65**(0.48,0.89) 1.20(0.87,1.66) 0.96(0.66,1.40)
Patients -related predictors    
Female (vs male) 0.90(0.71,1.13) 0.90(0.70,1.16) 0.87(0.65,1.17)
Age (vs 15 and over)    
Under 5 years 1.34(0.99,1.80) 1.28(0.91,1.79) 0.80(0.57,1.13)
5-15 years 1.07(0.76,1.51) 1.21(0.80,1.83) 1.07(0.70,1.64)
Associate symptoms (vs no)    
URI (cough, runny nose, sore throat, earache) 0.95(0.72,1.25) 0.59***(0.44,0.79) 0.68*(0.48,0.99)
Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, could not eat 0.99(0.73,1.35) 1.40*(1.01,1.94) 1.40(0.97,2.02)
Difficulty breathing, fast breathing 1.41(0.85,2.37) 0.88(0.56,1.40) 0.76(0.43,1.35)
Other symptomes 0.73*(0.54,0.98) 0.61***(0.46,0.82) 0.99(0.65,1.51)
Perceived illness severity (vs mild)    
Moderate 1.36*(1.02,1.82) 1.82***(1.38,2.40) 1.32(0.82,2.10)
Severe 1.46*(1.01,2.11) 1.39(0.9,2.12) 0.83(0.48,1.44)
  1. *p<0.05, **p< 0.01, ***p<0.001.