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Table 1 Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of surveyed households

From: Treatment of Febrile illness with artemisinin combination therapy: prevalence and predictors in five African household surveys

Households Poor* Non-poor*   Outside capital** Within capital**  
  1485 3676   4188 973  
Mean household size (95% Confidence Intervals) 7.0(6.5,7.5) 6.3(5.9,6.8)   6.5(6.1, 6.8) 6.8(5.5, 8.0)  
  Proportion Estimates   Proportion Estimates  
  (95% Confidence Intervals)   (95% Confidence Intervals)  
    Pearson chi2    Pearson chi2
Outside Capital 90.6(87.8, 93.4) 67.8(63.3, 72.3) p<0.001 1.00(-,-) 0.0(0.0, 0.0) na
Poor 1.00(-,-) 0.0(0.0, 0.0) na 35.6(31.2, 40.1) 10.8(7.5, 14.1) p<0.001
With children under 15 years old 91.2(89.2, 93.1) 85.4(83.3, 87.6) p<0.001 88.1(86.3, 89.9) 84.2(80.1, 88.4) ns
With children 5 years old 65.6(62.2, 68.9) 59.3(55.8, 62.7) p<0.001 60.5(57.6, 63.4) 62.8(56.0, 69.5) ns
Respondent       
Female 49.3(44.5, 54.1) 54.5(51.2, 57.7) ns 48.3(44.7, 51.9) 66.5(61.7, 71.4) p<0.001
Age 25-50 64.7(61.3, 68.2) 71.0(68.5, 73.4) p<0.01 66.5(64.3, 68.7) 76.9(71.8, 82.0) p<0.001
Complete at least primary school 43.7(38.5, 48.9) 63.5(58.7, 68.2) p<0.001 57.0(52.7, 61.4) 59.5(48.7, 70.2) ns
Education high school or above 7.2(5.0, 9.5) 25.8(22.3, 29.2) p<0.001 18.3(15.3, 21.3) 26.3(19.4, 33.3) p<0.05
Opinions       
Closet public facility has medicines 40.9(35.6, 46.2) 36.3(32.1, 40.4) ns 38.9(34.8, 43.0) 33.8(25.9, 41.7) ns
Free medicines at public facility 61.4(54.9, 68.0) 50.7(45.5, 56.0) p<0.001 56.0(50.1, 62.0) 47.5(38.1,56.9) ns
Can usually afford medicines needed 35.8(30.9, 40.7) 48.9(44.8, 53.0) p<0.001 42.2(38.3,46.0) 53.4(44.0M,62.8) P<0.05
Distance from closet public health care facility       
Less than 15 mins 49.2(42.2, 55.8) 49.6(45.5,53.7) ns 51.1(46.1,56.0) 44.8(37.1,52.4) ns
Over 1 hour 19.3(14.1, 24.4) 11.4(8.8,13.9) p<0.005 15.3(11.9,18.7) 9.1(4.8,13.3) p<0.05
Distance from closet private health care provider       
Less than 15 mminutes 31.1(25.0, 37.1) 40.7(35.5,45.9) p<0.005 34.2(29.3,39.1) 48.7(36.6,60.8) p=0.01
Over 1 hour 41.8(34.9,48.7) 25.5(21.0,29.9) p<0.001 35.0(29.8,40.2) 16.3(7.0,25.6) p<0.001
Distance from closet private medication retail outlet       
Less tahn 15 minutes 62.1(55.3,68.8) 67.9(63.3,72.6) ns 65.9(60.5,71.4) 67.0(58.4,75.6) ns
Over 1 hour 18.8(13.4,24.2) 11.0(7.7,14.4) p<0.01 15.3(11.4, 19.1) 7.5(1.2,13.8) p<0.05
With medicines at home 39.4(35.1,43.6) 52.6(49.4,55.9) p<0.001 47.6(44.2,51.0) 52.1(46.2,57.9) ns
With anitimarial at home 9.1(7.2,11.0) 10.8(9.2,12.3) ns 10.6(9.0,12.1) 9.4(6.9,11.8) ns
Reporting Illness(es) in past two weeks 55.4(50.4,60.3) 48.7(45.2,52..1) p=0.01 50.5(46.6,54.4) 50.9(44.6,57.3) ns
Reporting fever epidode(s) in past two weeks 37.2(32.9,41.5) 33.7(30.4,36.9) ns 34.1(30.8,37.4) 36.5(29.9,43.1) ns
  1. *Respondent self-seclection into lowest pre-define country-specific expenditure based on data from recent national household surveys reporting per capita Gross National Income or Consumption.
  2. **The WHO survey methodology calls for surveying the “capital or most densely populated area in the country. The capital region was surveyed in Ghana, Kenya and Uganda; in Nigeria, logos was selected as the most densely populated area of the country.