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Table 1 Analysis of the total data set and the sub-groups of packs without and with contents

From: Medicines discarded in household garbage: analysis of a pharmaceutical waste sample in Vienna

Packs Total (n,% a) Packs without contents (n,% a) Packs with contents (n,% a)
Total 152 (100%) 130 (100%) 22 (100%)
Sub-group related to the prescription status (n = 152)
POM 113 (74.3%) 99 (76.2%) 14 (63.6%)
OTC 39 (25.6%) 31 (23.8%) 8 (36.3%)
Sub-group related to the country of origin of the pack (n = 152)
Austria 139 (91.5%) 118 (90.8%) 21 (95.5%)
Germany 6 (4.0%) 6 (4.6%) 0 (0%)
France 1 (0.7%) 1 (0.8%) 0 (0%)
Greece 1 (0.7%) 1 (0.8%) 0 (0%)
China 1 (0.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (0.8%)
Not attributable 4 (2.6%) 4 (3.1%) 0 (0%)
Sub-group related to the therapeutic group (n = 152)
A: Alimentary tract and metabolism 15 (9.9%) 14 (10.8%) 1 (4.6%)
B: Blood and blood forming organs 4 (2.6%) 4 (3.1%) 0 (0%)
C: Cardiovascular system 36 (23.7%) 31 (23.9%) 5 (22.7%)
D: Dermatologicals 2 (1.3%) 2 (1.5%) 0 (0%)
G: Genito urinary system and sex hormones 2 (1.3%) 2 (1.5%) 0 (0%)
J: Anti-infectives for systemic use 5 (3.3%) 4 (3.1%) 1 (4.5%)
M: Musculo-skeletal syst. 17 (11.2%) 13 (10.0%) 4 (18.2%)
N: Nervous system 16 (10.5%) 15 (11.5%) 1 (4.5%)
R: Respiratory system 10 (6.6%) 6 (4.6%) 4 (18.2%)
Other ATC code or not attributable 45 (29.6) 39 (30.0%) 6 (27.2%)
Sub-group related to the dose form (n = 152)
Oral 132 (86.8%) 119 (91.5%) 13 (59.1%)
Parental 6 (4.0%) 5 (3.8%) 1 (4.6%)
Nasal 1 (0.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (4.6%)
Pulmonary 1 (0.7%) 1 (0.8%) 0 (0%)
Dermal 10 (6.7%) 5 (3.7%) 5 (22.7%)
Eye 1 (0.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (4.6%)
Dental 1 (0.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (4.6%)
Sub-group related to the expiry status and expiry dates (n = 136) b
Expiry status
Expired 7 (5.2%) 3 (2.6%) 4 (19.0%)
Non expired 129 (94.8%) 112 (97.5%) 17 (81.0%)
Expiry dates
1999 1 (0.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (4.8%)
2002 1 (0.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (4.8%)
2007 1 (0.7%) 1 (0.9%) 0 (0%)
2008 1 (0.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (4.8%)
1/2009 – 9/2009c 3 (2.2%) 2 (1.7%) 1 (4.8%)
12/2009c 1 (0.7%) 0 (0.9%) 1 (0%)
2010 21 (15.4%) 18 (15.7%) 3 (14.3%)
2011 31 (22.8%) 26 (22.6%) 5 (23.8%)
2012 43 (31.6%) 37 (32.2%) 6 (28.6%)
2013 24 17.6%) 21 (18.3%) 3 (14.3%)
2014 9 (6.6%) 9 (7.8%) 0 (0%)
  1. aTotal does not always sum to 100% because of rounding errors bNo expiry date could be identified for 16 packs cCollection date was October/November 2009.