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Table 1 The relationship between the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and medical supply chains [1]

From: The Papua New Guinea medical supply system - documenting opportunities and challenges to meet the Millennium Development Goals

MDG 4. Reduce child mortality Pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria and AIDS account for 43 per cent of all deaths in under-fives with most of these lives saved through low-cost prevention and treatment measures including antibiotics for acute respiratory infections, oral rehydration for diarrhoea, and immunisation.
MDG 5. Improve maternal health More than 80 per cent of maternal deaths are caused by conditions such as haemorrhage, sepsis, and hypertensive diseases of pregnancy, each requiring medication and the use of medical sundries. It is estimated that meeting the unmet needs for contraception alone could cut, by almost a third, the number of maternal deaths.
MDG 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Each disease has medication as part of the treatment protocol.
MDG 8. Develop a global partnership for development In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential medicines in developing countries.