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Table 2 General statistics of Sri Lanka, Australia, South Africa and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

From: National medicines policies – a review of the evolution and development processes

  Sri Lanka Australia South-Africa former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Year of policy formulation 2006 1999 1996 2001
World Bank income level* Lower-middle High Upper-middle Upper-middle
Region South East Asia Western Pacific Africa Europe
Total population (million inhabitants)** 19.2 20.5 48.3 2.0
Gross national income per capita (PPP international $)** 3,730 33,940 8,900 7,850
Life expectancy at birth m/f (years)** 69/76 79/84 50/53 71/76
Total expenditure on health per capita (international $, 2006)** 213 3,122 869 623
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2006)** 4.2 8.7 8.6 8.2
  1. *Income groups are classified according to World Bank estimates of 2008 Gross National Income (GNI) per capita.
  2. **Figures are for 2006. Source: World Health Statistics 2008.
  3. GDP gross domestic product, PPP Purchasing Power Parity, m/f male/female.