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Table 1 Reports of treatment efficacy for malaria in Haiti

From: Malaria treatment policies and drug efficacy in Haiti from 1955-2012

Period Sample size Site in Haiti Drug combination Source of data used Resistant Susceptible Reference
1960-1966 N/A Country Wide CQ/P Secondary N/A CQ PAHO. 1967 [14]
1961 N/A Country Wide CQ Secondary N/A CQ WHO. 1965 [13]
1962-1965 N/A Country Wide CQ/P Secondary N/A CQ/P Mason J and Philippe A, 1967 [12]
1962-1965 N/A Petitie Goave CQ & CQ/P Secondary N/A CQ/P WHO, 1968 [15]
1971 N/A Country Wide CQ Secondary VV, P & CG CQ WHO, 1972 [16]
1976 N/A Country Wide N/A Secondary N/A CQ WHO, 1978 [17]
1980 N/A Country Wide CQ Secondary N/A VV CQ PAHO, 1980 [9]
1981-1983 92 Les Cayes, Port-au-Prince, Limbe, Gros-Morne and Jacmel CQ Secondary VT & VV CQ CQ Duverseau YT, Magloire R, et al., 1986 [6]
1982 19 Port-au-Prince CQ Secondary VT & VV CQ N/A Magloire R and Nguyen-dinh P, 1983 [18]
1982 18 Port-au-Prince P & S/P Primary VT & VV P VV S/P Nguyen-Dinh P, Zevallos-Ipenza A, et al., 1984 [19]
1985 22 Port-au-Prince P & S/P Primary VT P VV & VT S/P Nguyen-Dinh P, Payne D, et al., 1985 [21]
1995 N/A Country Wide N/A Primary N/A VV CQ Drabick JJ, Gambel JM, et al., 1997 [26]
2006-2007 79 Artibonite Valley CQ Secondary PCR CQ N/A Londono BL, Eisele TP, et al., 2009 [32]
2010-2011 49 Leogane CQ Primary N/A PCR CQ Neuberger Zhong K, et al., 2012 [36]
  1. Key: Chloroquine (CQ), pyrimethamine (P), chloroquine with pyrimethamine (CQ/P),sulfadoxine with pyrimethamine (S/P), in vivo susceptibility (VV), in vitro susceptibility (VT), DNA examined for mutations via polymerase chain reaction (PCR).